Event: 5th International Conference on Eco-Compensation and Payments for Ecosystem Services

Grassland Eco-Compensation in China: What Can and Cannot Be Monitored?

24 November 2016
Author / Speaker: 
Zhentong Hu, China Institute for Rural Studies, Tsinghua University
Email the author | Other materials by the author

View Slides

Description: 

Grassland covers about 40% of the PRC and is its largest terrestrial ecosystem. Since 2011, the government-financed “subsidy and reward program for grassland ecological protection” has been enforced. It is the country’s most important grassland eco-compensation program. In his presentation, Dr. Hu, from Tsinghua University’s China Institute of Rural Study, systematically elaborated the ecological effect, conditionality, and supervision of grassland eco-compensation. Implementation of grassland eco-compensation has resulted in improvements in national grassland ecological environment, but has yet to deliver significant results in terms of addressing grassland overgrazing and reducing livestock. Supervision of grassland eco-compensation is assessed to be weak because of the continued poor compliance of herdsmen with the conditionality of prohibited and balanced grazing policy. To improve grassland eco-compensation supervision, reasonable rates of compensation should be set and default costs should be increased.

Geographical Focus: 
China, People's Republic of
Type of Content: 
Learning Event

Disclaimer

The views expressed on this website are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) or its Board of Governors or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. By making any designation of or reference to a particular territory or geographic area, or by using the term “country” in this document, ADB does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area