Women and men use transport in different ways and this needs to be integrated when designing sustainable transport solutions for cities. Time-use surveys from several countries find that women spend more time than men travelling for household-related purposes, while men spend more time than women travelling for economic and study purposes. Women tend to take shorter trips, and more trips, than men do, and they trip chain–making trips to multiple destinations. More women are accompanied by children or elderly relatives on their trips, and women are more likely than men to use sustainable forms of transport.
When transport services are inefficient, expensive, unsafe, and do not meet the needs of women there are economic consequences. Studies in the US find a direct inverse link between the average length of commutes and women’s participation in the labor force; and in Jakarta it was found that duration and unreliability of commutes contributed to women, over the age of 29, leaving higher-paid skilled jobs in the city center, and moving into lower-paid employment in the informal sector closer to home in order to combine work with their roles in the home. The resulting misallocation of women’s skills and talent has a high cost, and reduces the ability to be competitive in the global economy.
A growing number of cities have sought to integrate solutions into design of transport systems to make them more inclusive and user-friendly for a wide range of people and uses. Among the solutions is to promote diversity in the workforce in the transport sector by recruiting more women. Several women in transport networks are being established globally to encourage and support more women in transport management, design and in the provision of the services. Networks and hubs have been growing in Europe and, more recently, in South and East Asia, and Africa, yet there have been few, if any, efforts to establish networks or encourage women’s employment in the transport sector in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia.
This conference will serve as a platform for creating wider understanding regarding gender-sensitive policies and practices for government and different stakeholders.
Objectives of the Conference
The purpose of the proposed conference is to:
- Discuss the implications of gender differences in the use of urban transport for transport policy and planning;
- Highlight innovative approaches for addressing gender issues in design of infrastructure and services;
- Assess the interest for a network of women working in the urban transport sector in Georgia and neighboring countries that can promote the role of women in the sector;
- Raise support for women employed in urban transport sector, and awareness of women’s issues in the use of urban transport services.
Participants and Resource Speakers
Participants and resource speakers will include representatives of city governments and women working in the urban transport sector in Tbilisi and other cities in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia; staff working on transport projects from ADB and other donor agencies; and representatives from Women in Transport networks from other regions.
|Date||Session / Activity||Presentation Material||Speaker(s)|
|24 Apr 2018||Session 1: Opening||Welcome Address||Hon. Kakhi Kaladze, Mayor of Tbilisi|
|24 Apr 2018||Session 1: Opening||Opening Remarks||Yesim Elhan-Kayalar, Country Director, Georgia Resident Mission|
|24 Apr 2018||Session 1: Opening||Keynote Address: History and experience of mainstreaming gender into urban planning and transport in the City of Vienna||Eva Kail, Gender Planning Expert, City of Vienna|
|24 Apr 2018||Session 1: Opening||Short Film: The Vienna Experience|
|24 Apr 2018||Session 2: Gender in Urban Planning and Governance||The role of city legislative bodies and assemblies||Tamar Taliashvili, Tbilisi Assemply|
|24 Apr 2018||Session 2: Gender in Urban Planning and Governance||How gender budgeting can make a difference||Ermira Rubani, UN Women Macedonia|
|24 Apr 2018||Session 2: Gender in Urban Planning and Governance||ADB Project Examples: Women in urban planning and governance -- Bangladesh Urban Governance Infrastructure Improvement Project||Mary Alice Rosero|
|24 Apr 2018||Session 2: Gender in Urban Planning and Governance||ADB Project Examples: Women in urban planning and governance -- Liveable Cities: Integrated Urban Action Plans for Balanced Regional Development||Ramola Naik Singru|
|24 Apr 2018||Session 3: Women in the Urban Economy||Financing small and medium women businesses: Experience of the Bank of Georgia|
|24 Apr 2018||Session 3: Women in the Urban Economy||Women in business in Armenia||Margarita Hakobjanian, Member of the Board of Armenia GIZ|
|24 Apr 2018||Session 3: Women in the Urban Economy||Developing women's SMEs in Cities||Marianna Petrosyan, Deputy Executive Director, SME Development National Center, Armenia|
|24 Apr 2018||Session 4: Urban Transport Planning||Trends in global travel behaviors, indicators and their use in urban transport planning in Indian cities||Sonal Shah, Institute of Transportation and Development Policy|
|24 Apr 2018||Session 4: Urban Transport Planning||Safety in Public Transportation||Ketevan Chkheidze, ADB|
|24 Apr 2018||Session 4: Urban Transport Planning||Nato Kurshitashvili, World Bank|
|Date||Session / Activity||Presentation Material||Speaker(s)|
|25 Apr 2018||Session 5: Women's employment in the transport sector||Supporting women employed in the transport sector through international networks||Nasreen Haque, Women in Logistics and Transport (WiLAT) Pakistan|
|25 Apr 2018||Session 5: Women's employment in the transport sector||Tbilisi Transport Company's actions to give equal opportunities to women||Irma Arevadze, Deputy Director, Tbilisi Transport Company|
|25 Apr 2018||Session 5: Women's employment in the transport sector||Initiatives to promote women's employment in transport||Transport for London|
|25 Apr 2018||Session 6: Gender in urban transport planning||Breakout Session|
|25 Apr 2018||Session 6: Gender in urban transport planning||Plenary presentation of plans and recommendations|
|25 Apr 2018||Session 7: Closing Session|